Home / What Does Dyslexia look like?

The International Dyslexia Association defines dyslexia as:

“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

We think the biggest take away from that definition - to quote Lady Gaga - is Baby I was Born this Way.  As a parent, it is not caused by anything you did or didn't do.  And, most important - for a child to hear - it's not caused by not working hard enough or being smart enough.

The following list is by no means exhaustive, but it is a general list of some of the most common tell tale signs of dyslexia in elementary school aged children

Is bright and quick in some areas but then seems to have "blocks" in others
Appears to have difficulty focussing on the task at hand
Will spell the same word different ways within the same page
Is slow to understand how to tell time and it's meaning (i.e. a minute is 60 seconds, an hour is 60 minutes, a day is 24 hours)
Struggles with sequences like the order of months in the year or days in the week
Shows great insight in communicating orally, but has difficulty communicating the same way in writing
Struggles with the difference between left and right
Is physically exhausted after reading
Creates diversions and avoidance when needing to do school work
Has trouble with the natural cadence and rhymes in nursery rhymes
Has few 'sight words' and reads every word very slowly
Often guesses at what the word is based on the first sound
Has better audio comprehension than reading comprehension
Reverses letters, sounds or numbers
Has poor penmanship and holds pencil awkwardly

    If your child is showing a number of these symptoms, you may want to speak to a professional.